Question: What Disease No Longer Exists?

What stopped polio?

Several key strategies have been outlined for stopping polio transmission: High infant immunization coverage with four doses of oral polio vaccine (OPV) in the first year of life in developing and endemic countries, and routine immunization with OPV and/or IPV elsewhere..

What is the oldest known disease?

At least according to Healthplex Dental trivia, tooth decay is not only the oldest disease we know of, but also the most common and widespread. Not only is tooth decay the most common and widespread disease of humankind, it is the oldest.

What is the difference between elimination and eradication?

Eradication refers to the reduction to zero (or a very low defined target rate) of new cases in a defined geographical area. C. Elimination refers to the complete and permanent worldwide reduction to zero new cases of the disease through deliberate efforts.

Is polio A virus?

Polio is a viral disease which may affect the spinal cord causing muscle weakness and paralysis. The polio virus enters the body through the mouth, usually from hands contaminated with the stool of an infected person. Polio is more common in infants and young children and occurs under conditions of poor hygiene.

What virus do we have a vaccine for?

We have children’s vaccines against measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, chickenpox, polio, hepatitis A and B, rotavirus, pneumococcus, haemophilus influenzae and meningococcal disease.

What caused polio?

Polio is caused by the poliovirus. The virus enters the body through the mouth. It is spread through contact with the feces (stool) of an infected person or through exposure to phlegm or mucus when an infected person coughs or sneezes.

What disease is impossible to eradicate?

Non-infectious diseases, such as heart disease or cancer, cannot be eradicated. Without an effective treatment against a disease there is no possibility of eradicating it….DiseaseMeaslesBurden of disease173,457 reported cases to WHO in 2017CauseMeasles morbillivirusWays to eradicateVaccinationFatality15%8 more columns

What disease has been wiped out by vaccination?

Vaccination has made an enormous contribution to global health. Two major infections, smallpox and rinderpest, have been eradicated.

Can the Black Plague happen again?

But health experts say there’s no chance a plague epidemic will strike again, as the plague is easily prevented and cured with antibiotics.

What are the 8 killer diseases?

These include: Tuberculosis, Diphtheria, Whooping cough, Tetanus, Polio, Hepatitis B, Haemophilus influenza, Pneumonia, Measles and Rotavirus.

What are the 14 serious childhood diseases?

Chickenpox (Varicella)Diphtheria.Flu (Influenza)Hepatitis A.Hepatitis B.Hib.HPV (Human Papillomavirus)Measles.More items…

What animal did polio come from?

The discovery by Karl Landsteiner and Erwin Popper in 1908 that polio was caused by a virus, a discovery made by inoculating macaque monkeys with an extract of nervous tissue from polio victims that was shown to be free of other infectious agents.

How many vaccines for viruses are there?

There are about 20 safe and effective viral vaccines available for use throughout the world.

Is there a vaccine for Ebola?

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced today the approval of Ervebo, the first FDA-approved vaccine for the prevention of Ebola virus disease (EVD), caused by Zaire ebolavirus in individuals 18 years of age and older.

Which disease Cannot be prevented by vaccination?

The most common and serious vaccine-preventable diseases tracked by the World Health Organization (WHO) are: diphtheria, Haemophilus influenzae serotype b infection, hepatitis B, measles, meningitis, mumps, pertussis, poliomyelitis, rubella, tetanus, tuberculosis, and yellow fever.

What disease still needs an effective vaccine?

The most common vaccine-preventable diseases among travellers are influenza and hepatitis A. Other vaccines to consider for travel include rabies, hepatitis B, typhoid, cholera, yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis and measles. Many vaccines can be given by flexible accelerated schedules to ensure early protection.

What virus has a vaccine?

Vaccines, such as the measles, mumps, rubella, chickenpox, and nasal spray flu vaccines contain live, but weakened viruses: Unless a person’s immune system is weakened, it is unlikely that a vaccine will give the person the infection. People with weakened immune systems should not receive these live vaccines.

What disease has been eradicated?

Two infectious diseases have successfully been eradicated: smallpox and rinderpest. There are also four ongoing programs, targeting poliomyelitis, yaws, dracunculiasis, and malaria.

What Old diseases are coming back?

Let’s take a closer look at 10 diseases that have been making a comeback in developed nations in recent years.Syphilis. … Measles. … Plague. … Scarlet fever. … Mumps. … Gonorrhea. … Chlamydia. … Whooping cough.More items…•

What is the most dreaded disease?

Read on to see the top 10 diseases causing the most deaths worldwide, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) .Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. … Trachea, bronchus, and lung cancers. … Diabetes mellitus. … Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias. … Dehydration due to diarrheal diseases. … Tuberculosis. … Cirrhosis.More items…

What is killer disease?

A handful of deadly infectious diseases, especially in low-income countries, claim millions of lives worldwide each year: lower respiratory tract infections, diarrheal diseases, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria. Together, they account for more than one in eight deaths globally.

Is there any vaccine for virus diseases?

A vaccine is a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease….Viral diseases.VirusRubella virusDiseases or conditionsRubellaVaccine(s)Rubella vaccine, MMR vaccine, MMRV vaccineBrandsMMR II, Priorix, ProQuad, Tresivac, Trimovax20 more columns

When did they find a cure for polio?

On March 26, 1953, American medical researcher Dr. Jonas Salk announces on a national radio show that he has successfully tested a vaccine against poliomyelitis, the virus that causes the crippling disease of polio.

Does smallpox still exist?

Currently, there is no evidence of naturally occurring smallpox transmission anywhere in the world. Although a worldwide immunization program eradicated smallpox disease decades ago, small quantities of smallpox virus officially still exist in two research laboratories in Atlanta, Georgia, and in Russia.

What are the six killer diseases of a child?

These six are the target diseases of WHO’s Expanded Programme on Immuni- zation (EPI), and of UNICEF’s Univer- sal Childhood Immunization (UCI); measles, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus and tuberculosis.